The global configuration directories are in /etc and for X related programs in /opt/etc.
You find log files in /var/log and for X related programs in /opt/var/log.
A view useful configurations
• Root password
The root password is ploplinux. Change it with the command passwd.
• Setup network
Find the network setup in the /etc/rc.local file. dhclient is for
a DHCP assigned ip address. Use ifconfig and route for a static address.
• Start programs during boot up
You can start programs (ex. daemons) with the runlevel control in /etc/rc.d. A
quick and easy way is to add the program to the /etc/rc.local file.
• Stopping programs on shutdown
Use the file /etc/rc.local-stop
Use iptables to setup firewall rules. You have to write a custom script and run it
from /etc/rc.local to activate your firewall rules during boot. See also the firewall section of Server configuration.
• Add a user
• Disable auto login
Remove in the file /etc/inittab on the
line 19 the -a root
• Enable auto login
Add in the file /etc/inittab on the
line 19 - 24 the parameter -a and the user name. Example for a user called ted -a ted
# This enables auto login on tty1
1:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty --noclear tty1 9600 -a ted
# This enables auto login on tty2
2:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty2 9600 -a ted
• Start Xfce or Fluxbox
Run the command startx
• Enable auto start X
In your home directory, rename the file .zlogin.autostartX
to .zlogin. This script starts the graphical desktop when the user does a login at tty1.
• Switch between Xfce and Fluxbox
In your home directory, the script xfce4 is used to start Xfce
and the script fluxbox is used to start Fluxbox. Those scripts are called from the .xinit script.
To start Fluxbox, change in the file .xinitrc the line with
'. ~/xfce4' to '. ~/fluxbox'.
• Enable VNC Server auto start
Rename the file vncserver.sample to
vncserver in your home directory.
The vncserver script starts the VNC Server x11vnc and is called by the scripts
xfce4 and fluxbox.
• Generate new ssh key
Run the command sshkeygen.sh
• Disable console monitor blank
setterm -blank 0
• Auto configuration for Xorg
Run Xorg -configure
This command detects the needed graphic card driver and creates the file xorg.conf.new in your home directory. Copy this file
to /opt/etc/X11/xorg.conf to use it.
• List possible resolutions
When X is running use the command xrandr
• Get the modeline settings for a screen resolution
Use the command gtf
© 2019 by Elmar Hanlhofer